Structure of entries and basic features

How to search...

Dictionaria facilitates two kinds of searches:

  1. For the searches of headwords, meaning descriptions, and examples you type the word or multiwor d expression into the search field, e.g. pull or pull out. The unmarked search finds the item, but in addition all other items that contain the same string of characters. Thus eat does not only find 'eat', but also 'beat' and 'creature'. To narrow your searches by the use of the symbols listed in Table 1, in which x means any character or string of characters including space.
    Table 1: Search options
    ^x search for a certain word or string of characters at the beginning of an entry, e.g. "^under", which finds under, underground, understand etc.
    x$ search for a certain word or string of characters at the end of an entry, e.g. "fly$", which fi nds fly, butterfly, etc.
    x_x search for entries showing the string preceded and followed by any other character including wh ite space, e.g. "_ea_" finds beach, tea leaf, burn / eat
    ^x$ search for a string of characters that fills the headword or meaning description from the begin ning to the end. "^eat$" finds "eat" in the meaning description of the Daakaka dictionary, because this consists only of "eat", but it does not find "eat" in the Teop meaning description, because th is is "eat (something with something)"
  2. For searches of parts of speech and semantic domains the dictionaries provide individual drop-d own lists.

...single dictionaries

...single columns


Table 2: Single column searches
Headword

If you type a word into the ‘headword’ field, you will find this word listed together wi th all other words that contain the same string of characters.

For example, 'ep' (Daakaka) finds not only the headword 'ep', but also akrep , bepane and dokta ane ep.


You can narrow down your search by using the search option '^' directly followed by the word you are looking for. This search will find the headword (if it is present in the dictionary) a nd all other headword entries that begin with the characters of this headword.

For example, if you search for '^ep', you will see the following entries: ep ¹, ep², epmir, epupuop.


If you want to find all headwords ending in a particular string of characters, type the string into the headword field and directly add '$' at the end of the string.

For example, if you search for 'ep$' you will find akrep, dewenep and tuwu trep.


If you combine '^' and '$' as in '^ep$', you find ep¹ and ep².

Meaning description

If you type in a particular English word in the field 'meaning description', you will fi nd all meaning descriptions that contain this string of characters at any position.

For example, a search for 'man' will give you the entry for 'man' but also 'praying mantis' and 'human tongue' (Daakaka).


You can use the search option '^' directly followed by the word you are looking for. Thi s will give you all meaning descriptions that start with the searched word.

For example, if you search for ‘^man’, you will find the entry 'man; pe rson' but also 'mango'.


If you type in '^man$, you will get no results, because '$' means 'end of entry' and the meaning descriptions are 'man; guy' for teme and 'man; person' for vyante.

Part of speech The drop-down list shows all word classes and in some dictionaries classes of affixes and types of multi-word constructions. The abbreviations are listed in the respective introduction of the dictionary.
Semantic domain The drop-down list shows a selection of semantic domains covered by the dictionary, for example 'plants' in the Daakaka and the Teop dictionary or 'botanical' in the Hdi dictionary.

...across columns

  1. Part of speech & meaning description

    For example, if you select 'v.tr' in 'part of speech' and enter 'hand' in 'meaning description' in the Teop dictionary, you find:


    atoato 'catch something with one's hands'

    kae 'hold something in one hand'

    poto 'grab something or catch something with one's hand s'


    In the Daakaka dictionary the search for 'v.tr' and 'hand' finds:


    bwiti 'break an elongated object in two with both hands'

    kinkate 'hold something in one hand'

    sedisi 'raise a weapon (in one hand) to hit someone

    tiwiye 'break (something which can be broken easily with two hands)

  2. Part of speech and semantic domain

    For example, if you select 'v.itr' and 'body' you find 7 entries in the Daakaka dictionary, e.g.


    banga 'open one's mouth'

    kyep 'shit'


    In the Teop dictionary the selection of 'v.intr' and 'body' finds 8 entried, e.g.


    goroho 'sleep'

    kayuhu 'spit'

...across dictionaries