ka2 marker of Perfect aspect: describes a current situation by [...]

Part of Speech aspect
Phonetic Form ka
Tanema Equivalent mo
Lovono Equivalent ga
    • marker of Perfect aspect: describes a current situation by reference to a previous event
      • Gram
    • Syntactic Restriction +Realis V or predicate
      Encyclopedic Info Morph.: A stronger, stressed variant of ka is kata ka (see katae ka).
      • Example 353:
        Basavono na toñaki ka moko.
        Today, the ship has turned into coral reef.
      • Example 514:
        Ai' one ka i-bu, ebieve tua ka i-da.
        My father died eight years ago. [lit. he has died, eight years have passed]
      • Example 846:
        teliki iakapa na pe ka i-re kiapa na
        our leader who has left us today
      • Example 978:
        Jebute ka moso.
        The taros are ripe.
      • Example 994:
        Kulevelu ka i-ve waluluo tete.
        The fowl has laid three eggs.
      • Example 995:
        Ka a-kila emele?
        Are you married already?
      • Example 996:
        Ka ni-koie.
        I'm inside already.
      • Example 997:
        Mamote i-maluo, we tae? – Tae, ka i-bu.
        Is she still alive? – No, she's already passed away.
      • Example 998:
        Ngiro ka i-lubi.
        The wind has turned.
        Example URL
      • Example 999:
        Revo ka i-koie, we ka i-ma?
        Is it high tide or low tide?
      • Example 1000:
        O io, ka ni-tabo ni-vodo!
        Oh yes, I remember now!
      • Example 1001:
        Le-te rema le-ko none ka moioe.
        Let's wait for the food to cook.
        Example Comment
        Perfect in the future
      • Example 1002:
        Otovo iupa ka tamwaliko.
        Our roofing has been damaged. [lit. has gone bad]
        Example Comment
        adjective predicate
      • Example 1003:
        Ka bwogo.
        It's night now.
        Example Comment
        noun predicate
      • Example 1004:
        Kiapa dapa Frans ka menuko.
        We and the French, we are friends.
        Example Comment
        noun predicate
      • Example 1005:
        Aeve ka tili.
        [hours are (already) five] It's five o'clock now.
        Example Comment
        numeral predicate
    • prospective aspect, marking an action as imminent
    • Syntactic Restriction +Irrealis V
    • polite imperative
    • Syntactic Restriction +Irrealis V, 2nd person
      Sense Comment esp
      • Example 7:
        Ne ngogoro uña menuko abia, ka pe-romo p-ajau!
        There are many animals in the woods, be careful!
      • Example 1007:
        Ka u-te!
        Good bye! [lit. you stay!]
        Example Comment

Related entries

  • See also:
    • ka… tae no longer, not any more
    • abu ‘all right’, ‘let's’ / marks polite order: ‘please’ / encouragement towards action: ‘come on’, ‘please’
  • Subentry:
    • k’ Perfect aspect