nga2 as, like / when, whenever; every time / if, in case

Part of Speech subordinator
Phonetic Form ŋa
Tanema Equivalent ka-po
Lovono Equivalent ki-pu
    • as, like
    • Syntactic Restriction + Realis clause
      • Example 292:
        Ewe, nga awa eo i-viane.
        Alright, if you want.
    • when, whenever; every time
      • Gram
    • Syntactic Restriction habitual, + Realis or Irrealis
      • Example 200:
        Nga aña ene tae, ni-le ni-wene, awoiu ni-lengi wako.
        Whenever I feel tired, I take a nap, then I feel better.
      • Example 621:
        Nga mwaliko i-bu, le-iu ebele ini i-wene ne kie ini.
        When somebody dies, their body is buried in a grave.
      • Example 1921:
        Nga ne tomoro nga le-romo ngiro wako, le-vesu i-katau.
        If they found the wind to be fine, they would sail along.
    • if, in case
    • Syntactic Restriction conditional, + Irrealis
      • Example 1051:
        Nga i-abu mata, kape bwara mata ini kilo ñei.
        If he had hit her eyes, she could have turned blind.
        Example Comment
      • Example 1143:
        Nga u-romo leka, kape u-kila.
        Should you have any eye contact with your cross-cousin, you will have to marry her.
      • Example 1922:
        Da viñevi kula nga awa dapa li-ko li-anu kava, mijaka, me le-lengi.
        Some women, if they want to drink kava, [they can] do so, a little, to get a taste of it.

Related entries

  • Heterosemes:
    • nga1 as, like / discourse technique allowing to compare elements of fiction (age of characters, physical distances) with actual elements of the discourse situation
    • nga3 expresses regret or blame: if only…, you should have…