~la1 take ‹one thing› (vs. ~loko, ‘take several things’) [...]

Part of Speech verb, transitive
Phonetic Form (i·)la
Tanema Equivalent ~la
Lovono Equivalent ~la
    • take ‹one thing› (vs. ~loko, ‘take several things’)
    • take ‹s.th.› physically, grab, carry
      • Example 1317:
        Leka, kape u-la ngatene u-mini susuko tae. Kape u-la u-teli, ka ini ka i-la.
        As for your (opp.-sex) cross-cousin, you cannot give her anything directly. You just put it down, and she'll pick it up.
      • Example 1318:
        I-ko i-la abo ne kaipa i-ko i-romo abo i-ko pi-tavie we tae.
        He wants to draw [lit. take] your blood and examine it to see if you are sick.
    • take ‹s.th.› in order to use or move it. Serves to introduce a new participant in a situation, often an instrument or a theme, even when no actual ‘grabbing’ event is referred to.
    • Syntactic Restriction often first verb in serialisation
      Sense Comment esp
      • Example 401:
        U-la teili u-bi ñ' eo.
        Just take a fan and fan yourself.
      • Example 1319:
        Abu u-la kangele teuko u-kamai!
        [take a fishhook and bring it] Please bring a fish-hook!
      • Example 1320:
        Li-la ruene li-tabo li-bono.
        [they ‘take’ the door and shut it] They shut the door again.
      • Example 1321:
        Ai' iape kape i-la men' iape i-koioi ne Toplau.
        The father would introduce his son into the Men's House [lit. would ‘take’ his son and introduce him].
    • forms causative constructions with motion or posture verbs
    • Syntactic Restriction switch-subject serialisation
      • Example 1322:
        li-la i-avo → ~laiavo
        [they take it hangs] they hang s.th.
      • Example 1323:
        li-la i-abu
        [they take it goes down] they put s.th. down
      • Example 1324:
        li-la i-koie
        [they take it enters] they put s.th. in
      • Example 1325:
        Vilo pe i-bu, ni-la enga ene i-wene ñei.
        I left my name on a dead tree. [lit. I ‘took’ my names it was left there]
      • Example 1326:
        Nobwogo miko i-la i-wai moe ne.
        Last night [an earthquake ‘took’ and shook this house] this house was shaken by an earthquake.
    • give ‹s.th.›
    • Encyclopedic Info Usually followed by ~mini* to introduce the recipient.
      • Example 1327:
        U-la i-ka kiane!
        [take it it comes quickly] Give it to me, quick!
      • Example 1328:
        Program kula idi li-la moli.
        Some software programs are free [lit. people take/give them unconstrained].
      • Example 1329:
        Taluaito i-la ero ie menu apilaka.
        The doctor gave medicine to the little child [lit. he took/gave the child's water].
    • take ‹s.th. abstract›, keep
    • Sense Comment fig
      • Example 1330:
        Ni-la piene ono.
        I'm recording [taking] your language.
    • understand ‹s.o., s.th.›
    • Typical Subject s.o.
      • Example 1331:
        Ka ni-la awa eo.
        [I took your mind] I understand what you mean.
      • Example 1332:
        Ai-la ene?
        [did you take me?] Did you get my point?
      • Example 1333:
        Bwara ni-la eo susuko tae.
        Maybe I didn't understand you properly.
    • require, take ‹amount of time›
    • Typical Subject action
      • Example 1334:
        I-la wik iune!
        It takes a whole week!
      • Example 1335:
        Li-bo kuo votobo pe i-la moro tete we teva.
        Making a canoe can take up to three or four days.
    • do, make. Combines with certain objects, to form semantically non-compositional phrases
      • Example 1048:
        Nganae pe kape le-la tae.
        They don't need to work. [lit. there isn't anything they have to ‘take’]
      • Example 1336:
        ~la ngatene
        ‘take things’ = work

Related entries

  • Is Part of:
  • See also:
    • ~labu1 hold ‹s.th.› in o.'s hands; grab, grasp / take ‹s.th., s.o.› in o.'s arms / touch ‹s.o.›, have body contact / massage / handle, treat ‹s.th., s.o.› in such and such a way; handle ‹s.o.› in such and such away / hold ‹skills, knowledge+›
    • ~lui causative of ~le ‘go’: make ‹s.o., s.th.› go somewhere, hence take away, carry / take ‹s.th.› somewhere, carry / take ‹s.o.› somewhere or away
    • ~la ~mini1 give ‹s.th.› to ‹s.o.› / strike ‹s.th.› hard
    • ~la ~teli put ‹s.th.› down
    • ~la ~mini1 give ‹s.th.› to ‹s.o.› / strike ‹s.th.› hard
    • ~lamini1 give ‹s.th.› (to s.o., se)
    • ~loko take ‹several objects›, collect, esp. before displacing them somewhere / take ‹people› somewhere, lead / introduces a plural object, animate or not, before a verb of motion or displacement