~le3 separates two actions that take place in separate locations. [...]

Part of Speech 2nd verb, intrans.
Phonetic Form (i·)le
Proto-Form (?) POc: *lako
Tanema Equivalent ~la, ~lava
Lovono Equivalent ~le
    • separates two actions that take place in separate locations. Usually not translated
    • Syntactic Restriction serialised between two verbs
      • Example 1400:
        Ni-bo beniawo ni-le ni-laioi.
        [I collected ashes I went I threw them] I collected the ashes and threw them away.
    • (move+) towards, to (such and such direction)
    • Syntactic Restriction after intransitive motion verb, same subject; foll. by locative phrase
      • Example 132:
        P-aiu pe-wo pe-le ne ngogoro!
        Get up and run away to the bush!
      • Example 1401:
        Li-ovei pe li-pwalau li-le Iura ne tepuke.
        They used to travel to (north) Vanuatu on their large canoes.
        Example Comment
        3pl subject
      • Example 1402:
        Li-aiu li-ke li-pwalau i-le iura.
        [they rose they went-out they travelled it went south] They left (Vanikoro) and set off to sail southwards.
        Example Comment
        3sg inanimate subject
    • (take s.th.+) towards, to (such and such direction)
    • Syntactic Restriction after transitive verb, switch subject; foll. by locative phrase
      • Example 1403:
        Li-tabe i-le i-wene ne aeve me kokoro.
        [they carry (it) it goes it lies in the sun] They bring it out to lie in the sun so it dries up.
      • Example 1404:
        Ni-tabulu voko i-abu i-le ne gilita.
        [I rolled a rock it descended it went to the valley] I rolled a rock down into the valley.
      • Example 1405:
        Li-loko none i-le ne lema awene.
        We put food into the stone oven.
      • Example 1406:
        Ba-ko ba-katau ene le-le ne toloto?
        [you want you follow me we go] Do you guys want to follow me to the lake?
    • (move+) forward, ahead
    • Syntactic Restriction without a locative phrase: directional use
      Sense Comment gen
      • Example 967:
        Li-katei bavede i-vene ne iuro, peini me le-vesu i-ke i-le.
        They hoisted the sail up the mast, so they could sail away.
      • Example 1407:
        Ka li-kopu li-vene li-le.
        They decided to move camp uphill (ahead of their route).
      • Example 1408:
        Ini i-opogo i-le i-vio re, ne lema aero ne makone pon.
        [he jumped he went he stood] He jumped in, and stood in inside the dancing fence.
    • (move+) thither, away from speaker or deictic centre
    • Syntactic Restriction directional use, deictic interpretation
      (Part of) Antonym (for)
    • (do V) ahead, in a continuing manner; go on
    • Literally it goes
      Syntactic Restriction 3sg subject, referring to the action
      Sense Comment fig
      • Example 410:
        Kape ni-atevo i-le biouro metae.
        I won’t be able to speak at great length.
      • Example 1409:
        Ngele nga i-ko i-oburo buro ae pon, kape i-obur’ i-le.
        If someone wants to sing a song, he can (go ahead and) sing. [he'll sing it goes]
        Example URL
      • Example 1410:
        Ni-odo eo i-le ra bogo, ia eo a-te tae.
        I looked for you on and on till night, but you weren't there.
    • (do V) on and on, for a long time
    • Syntactic Restriction 3sg subject, repeated
      • Example 485:
        Li-mako i-le i-le i-le – me kape bwogo.
        They danced on and on – until night was ready to fall.
      • Example 1411:
        Uña teliki li-anu i-dai i-le i-le.
        The chiefs drank the kava around in a circle, one after the other [lit. it went, it went].
      • Example 1412:
        Li-langatene i-le i-le i-le, ebieve iote awoiu.
        They worked on and on, for a whole month.

Related entries

  • Heterosemes:
    • ~le1 go somewhere / introduces a locative before the main verb, when previous motion is implied / get up and (do V): introduces a new action, whether or not involving a literal motion event. Not always translated / leave, be gone / leave its zenith position; hence be early afternoon, around 2pm / pass, reach (such and such moment) / be past / become
    • ~le2 believe (s.o., s.th.: ne)
  • See also:
    • ra1 Continuative: on and on and on / on and on till ‹s.th.›: hence until / it went on like this, till finally…
    • ~vilu walk / move, wander, travel
  • Subentry:
    • ~l’ variant form of ~le ‘go’, elided before vowel