~le1 go somewhere / introduces a locative before the main verb, when [...]

Part of Speech verb, intransitive
Phonetic Form (i·)le
Tanema Equivalent ~la, ~lava
Lovono Equivalent ~le
    • go somewhere
    • Syntactic Restriction + locative phrase
      (Part of) Antonym (for)
      • Example 803:
        Ni-garei eo pe u-le re!
        I forbid you from going there!
      • Example 1125:
        Ia kela, kape ba-le vele?
        Where are you two going?
    • introduces a locative before the main verb, when previous motion is implied
    • Syntactic Restriction first verb in serial pattern, with locative phrase
      Encyclopedic Info Phraseol.: This syntactic strategy serves to “unpack” the various participants and complements of an action into separate clauses. The first clause with ~le ‘go’ introduces the locative complement, while the following verb presents the main action.
      • Example 1390:
        Ni-le ne revo nanana ni-romo meviko takataka.
        [I went to sea I saw…] I was at sea today, and saw a sea krait.
      • Example 1391:
        Le-le ne touro li-odo aero?
        [shall we go to the reef and seek shells] Shall we look for seashells on the reef?
    • get up and (do V): introduces a new action, whether or not involving a literal motion event. Not always translated
    • Syntactic Restriction first verb in serial pattern, without locative phrase
      • Example 109:
        La-le lai-ago telupe?
        Shall we go pigeon-hunting?
      • Example 261:
        Vono i-sodo li-le li-au jebute.
        In the morning they went to harvest some (water) taros.
        Example URL
      • Example 1392:
        Nga mwaliko i-bu, dapa le-le le-iu ebele ini.
        When somebody dies, we bury their body. [lit. we go we bury the body]
      • Example 1393:
        Li-toe kuo wako, i-viñi dapa gete iape i-ko “Wako le-le le-katei.”
        Once they had carved the canoe, he told his youngsters: “Alright, let's drag it now!” [lit. we go, we pull it]
      • Example 1394:
        Pe-le pe-le pe-la ngatene!
        Come on guys, go to work!
    • leave, be gone
    • Syntactic Restriction absolute use, without locative
      • Example 319:
        “Minga kape ba-le?” I-ko “Mobo.”
        “When will you leave?” – “Tomorrow.”
        Example Comment
        irrealis interpretation
        Example URL
    • leave its zenith position; hence be early afternoon, around 2pm
    • Typical Subject sun
      Sense Comment esp
      Encyclopedic Info The later phases are called Aeve i-tavali (cf. ~tavali), then Vono ka i-la (cf. ~la).
      • Example 1395:
        Aeve ka i-le.
        [the sun has gone] It is early afternoon.
        Example URL
    • pass, reach (such and such moment)
    • Typical Subject time
      • Example 1396:
        Ra ra i-le ne to ebieve, vongoro ka i-mote.
        [on and on, it went to mid-year] Time went on, till they reached mid-season: this is when the almonds had finished ripening.
        Example URL
    • be past
    • Syntactic Restriction with perfect ka
      Typical Subject time
      • Example 1397:
        ne metele iote ka i-le awoiu
        [in the month that has already gone] last month
    • become
    • Syntactic Restriction + secondary predicate
      Sense Comment somet
      • Example 1398:
        Bwara i-le pine, po ra i-le ini mwatagete, kape i-koie ne toplau.
        When (the child) grows up, when he becomes a young man, he will integrate the men's house.

Related entries

  • Heterosemes:
    • ~le2 believe (s.o., s.th.: ne)
    • ~le3 separates two actions that take place in separate locations. Usually not translated / (move+) towards, to (such and such direction) / (take s.th.+) towards, to (such and such direction) / (move+) forward, ahead / (move+) thither, away from speaker or deictic centre / (do V) ahead, in a continuing manner; go on / (do V) on and on, for a long time
  • See also: